What is Adenosine Triphosphate Energy - metabolizm.net

What is Adenosine Triphosphate Energy

adenosine triphosphate energy

ATP (adenosine triphosphate), which also stands for adenosine trphosphatidide, is the key energy carrier for nearly all living things. In humans, ATP is an important biochemical method for storing and utilizing energy for each individual cell. ATP energy is the major energy supply for many plants and animals. For example, muscle contraction requires the release of ATP, which provides a source of energy that can be used when the muscle contractions resume.

An Overview

A large green tree in a forest

The breakdown of food in our bodies is done via aerobic respiration. This process is “oxygenated” . Oxygen molecules are respiration processes taking place in aerobic metabolism. It is one of the two types of respiration; respiration that uses up more energy than it consumes and respiration that does not use up any energy. In most organisms, respiratory pathways use up oxygen in their process of glycolysis, which is energy production from food. The six-carbon glucose, which is an important energy provider for aerobic respiration, is broken down into several molecules of energy using aerobic respiration. The excess carbon dioxide is released as carbon dioxide.

The cytochrome system in plants is similar to the one in animals and humans. A process called pyruvic acid is involved in making possible the transfer of energy from an external source to an internal citric acid reserve. The exocarnate side of the sugar molecule (the one containing the carbon atom) is in the form of a simple double bond between the sixth carbon atom of the sugar and the side of the cytochrome system on the rear of the sugar molecule. When this sugar is converted into energy, it gets reconverted into the simple single bond that forms the link between the six-carbon sugar and the side of the cytochrome system.

Essential Element

A pair of sunglasses on a table

This sugar called ATP stands for adenine thioester phosphate, which is an essential element in cellular respiration. ATP is necessary because it is an energy provider. Without ATP, the functioning of all cells and organisms would come to a stationary, unresponsive state. However, with the existence of the cytochrome system and the process of ATP energy transfer, a constantly available source of energy is generated within the cells.

As mentioned earlier, the process of ATP energy transfer involves breaking down an existing chemical energy supply, namely, citric acid, into simple sugars. The first step in this process is to create a series of double bonds between the carbon atoms of the sugar and the side of the cytochrome system. Once the first step has been completed, the next step involves breaking down the citric acid into its constituent acids. This process is known as the citrate utilization reaction.

Complex Functioning

Because ATP needs to be fed into the living cells in order for them to perform their respective functions in living matter, it is highly complex. The various steps involved in the process of ATP energy transfer include: the oxidation of the previously mentioned citric acid, via the oxygen method, to pyruvate, through the procedure known as pyrophosphorous cycling. The formation of ADP is the final step in the process. It is this process which gives rise to the idea that ATP, despite being the most frequently occurring type of energy, is of essentially no use if not processed into usable energy.

In the case of plants, the sun’s light is converted into energy which is then stored as starch and can be extracted from the plant through a process known as Photosynthesis. Plants can grow on any substance with a high concentration of sugar. In their evolutionary past, all creatures had to obtain their energy directly from food sources or utilize stored energy. Now, we have developed technology that allows us to extract energy directly from the sun or the ocean, and store it in a variety of forms. One example of this is ATP Energy. This is an energy present in plants, which can be directly accessed by the plants’ roots.


The process of accessing ATP Energy is known as “iration”. It is possible for a single cell to generate ATP Energy without any outside help (since ATP Energy is independent of any other matter that is present in the cell). The process is further assisted by the transport systems of the cell, which move the energy from the source directly into the mitochondria, the organelles that are mainly responsible for creating the chemical energy needed by the cell. This is the only known method to power a living thing without external help.

Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter