There are various types of metabolism biology which are involved in all the metabolic processes in our body. The metabolic rate varies from one person to another and there are certain factors that determine it. The rate can be increased or decreased depending upon different conditions.
Some Basic Functions Of Metabolism
Metabolism is the process which converts the food into energy. It is also responsible for the storage of energy in the form of glucose. The digestion process generates heat and requires energy. There are some functions which metabolism does not perform. The utilization of glucose is also necessary for the growth of cells.
The major types of metabolism are carbohydrate metabolism, fatty acid metabolism and protein metabolism. Carbohydrate metabolism involves breaking down the glucose that is present in the blood into simple sugars and storing it in the muscle cells and liver for future use. Fatty acid metabolism involves breaking down the fats in the body into simple molecules and using them as sources of energy. Protein metabolism involves the breakdown of the proteins present in our cells. These proteins are then absorbed by the bloodstream and transported to all the parts of the body for energy. This type of metabolism is also responsible for the building of the muscles.
What Is The Importance Of Cells In Your Body?
All the types of metabolism have their own functions. The rate of metabolism of any of these cells depends on the condition of the cells, their structure, the nutrient contents present in them and many other factors. It is very important for the health of an individual to know about all these factors and know how to utilize them for the production of healthy tissue.
All the cells of the body require energy for their existence. However, the rate of usage of these energy reserves differs from one cell to another. These energy requirements depend on the functioning of the cells in our body. The rate of fat utilization is high when you have a good digestive system and a slow metabolism. On the other hand, the rate of muscle usage is low when you have a very fast metabolism.
All the tissues in your body need a certain amount of carbohydrates for their daily energy needs. Carbohydrates are stored in the body as fat. The types of metabolism which are concerned with the storage of energy in tissues include aerobic metabolism. This type of metabolism mainly uses oxygen as its source of energy.
The types of metabolism that are concerned with the breaking down of the food present in the body include anaerobic metabolism. This type of metabolism is mainly concerned with breaking down proteins, amino acids and carbohydrates. The breakdown of these substances helps in the creation of healthy new tissues. The other types of metabolism are glycolysis, the pyruvate metabolism and the ketogenesis at the cell level. The glucose and lipid metabolism is concerned with producing energy from the glucose and fats present in the tissues.
The types of metabolism for different types of disorders like cancer, neurological diseases, autoimmune disorders and metabolic diseases are very different. A person with cancer for example will have a high glycolytic metabolism. Someone with an autoimmune disorder will have a high anaerobic metabolism. All these metabolisms are important to the proper functioning of the tissues.